Assessment of Toxoplasma seropositivity in children suffering from anxiety disorders
Afsharpaiman, S., Khosravi, M.H., Mahmoodinejad, M., Shirbazoo, S., Amirsalari, S., Torkaman, M., Radfar, S.
Iranian Journal of Child Neurology 2017; 11: 32-37
Click for abstract
Objective This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in children with anxiety disorders. Materials & Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted between Sep 2012 and May 2013 in Pediatrics Clinic of Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Children were assessed clinically. Diagnosis of patients with anxiety disorders was based on DSM-4 system, performed by child psychiatrist. Then their anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were measured. A questionnaire was verbally administered to all individuals' parents including demographic information and questions about life style, family history, medical history, economic situation, residence, nutritional patterns and contact with animals. Results Ninety-six male and female cases with a mean age of 8.56 +/- 2.5 and 8.42 +/- 1.9 yr underwent analysis. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibody was found in one case of each group. There was no significant difference between case and control groups for serum Toxoplasma IgG antibody (P=0.14). No case individuals had Anti-T. gondii IgM antibody, while it was found in one control individual. No significant difference was seen between case and control groups for Toxoplasma IgM antibody (P=0.27). Conclusion Toxoplasmosis has no direct effect on the incidence of anxiety disorders. More studies are needed with a larger volume of individuals in future.